Communications surveillance in the Senegalese digital society

September 17, 2014 - by Ababacar Diop.

The advent of the Senegalese digital society in the late 1990s and its exponential development since the 2000s has led policy makers to set up an institutional and legal framework for digital activity with the adoption in 2008 of a series of laws governing the internet in the country. Policy makers found this necessary for reasons of national security, and to establish a legal and institutional framework to protect citizens against crimes related to online activity. ICTs have brought real changes in the forms of communication and exchange, not only at the corporate level, but also in the relationships between citizens. However, even if it is proven that ICTs are great tools at the service of freedom of speech, they also constitute a real danger when it comes to the privacy of correspondence.


Comparing NSA Reforms to International Law: A New Graphic by AccessNow

April 23, 2014 - by April Glaser.

Our friends at AccessNow measured how the four legislative proposals stack up against the 13 Principles. Unfortunately, none of the proposed solutions fully bring the NSA back within the bounds of human rights laws. But one in particular, the USA FREEDOM Act, is in closest (although, still imperfect) concordance with the Principles.


Consent of the Networked ­ Afterword to the Paperback Edition

September 1, 2013 - by Rebecca MacKinnon.

In October 2012 in Brussels, the London­based activist group Privacy International and Google hosted a meeting of technologists and legal experts to draft what they decided to call the International Principles on Communications Surveillance and Human Rights. The goal, according to Privacy International, was “to provide civil society, industry and government with a framework against which to evaluate whether current or proposed surveillance laws and practices are consistent with human rights.” They posted the principles online at, launched a public consultation inviting feedback from all interested parties around the world, and organized an additional workshop with the Electronic Frontier Foundation and Latin American activist groups in December 2012.


C­Span: Electronic surveillance and human rights

August 21, 2014 - by New America Foundation | Open Technology Initiative

Katherine Maher led a discussion on the National Security Agency surveillance programs. She said that regardless of their legality in the U.S., they said might violate international law and treaties to which the U.S. is a signer. She represented a group that had formulated new principles aimed at protecting people from unwarranted electronic surveillance. The “International Principles on the Application of Human Rights to Communications Surveillance” initiative includes language dealing with transparency, user notification and judicial oversight. This was a meeting of Techno­Activism Third Mondays (TA3M), an informal meet­up at the New America Foundation for software creators and activists interested in censorship, surveillance, and open technology.


Da Cibersegurança à Ciberguerra - o desenvolvimento de políticas de vigilância no Brasil

Estudo que analisa o aparato de vigilância do Estado brasileiro e as mudanças desencadeadas no setor após as revelações de Edward Snowden e no contexto da realização de megaeventos.


Data retention and the use of spy software in Hungary

September 17, 2014 - Éva Tormássy.

After a series of coordinated suicide attacks in Madrid in 2004 and in central London in 2005, the European Union reacted by passing the so ­called Data Retention Directive in 2006. Hungary as a member state of the European Union was obliged to introduce mandatory telecommunication data retention – that is, the retention of data generated or processed through the provision of publicly available electronic communications services or by public communications networks. As a result of the Data Retention Directive, all telecommunication service providers in Hungary have to collect and store so­called metadata, or data which shows who, when, where and with whom anyone tried to communicate or successfully communicated via email or phone.


David Kaye report on encryption and anonymity

May 28, 2015

“States should not restrict encryption and anonymity,” Kaye writes. He notes that “blanket prohibitions fail to be necessary and proportionate,” a reference to standards for human rights law as articulated in the 13 International Principles on the Application of Human Rights to Communications Surveillance. The 13 Principles are “compelling demonstrations of the law that should apply in the context of the digital age,” observes Kaye.


De 13 Principes: Naar een Wereld Zonder Massale Surveillance

September 15, 2014 - by Door Hans de Zwart. (Dutch)

Volgende week is de eerste verjaardag van de Necessary and Proportionate Principles. De coalitie achter de 13 internationale principes besteedt deze week daarom elke dag aandacht aan een bepaald aspect van de principes. Waarom zijn ze belangrijk en hoe kunnen we ze gebruiken om ervoor te zorgen dat de politie en de geheime diensten zich gaan houden aan de wetgeving rondom mensenrechten?


Die Aufsicht über Geheimdienste – ein demokratischer Lackmustest

September 17, 2014 - by Volker Tripp. (German)


Dispatch from Geneva: Notes on a post-­Snowden UN

October 2, 2013 - by Carly Nyst.

Compared to previous visits to Geneva, the topic of surveillance was especiialy alive at the recent launch of the 13 Principles.